What is the sectoral composition of employment in India?

If you were to consider a simple dual sector classification of industry groups in India, so that workers can either be working in either (a) agriculture and allied activities, or the (b) non-agriculture sector then you can observe a clear contrast in the composition of labour force. While some people may not be surprised to find that the agriculture sector is predominantly concentrated in rural India, it is interesting to note the the agricultural sector employs women labourers more intensively. On the other hand, the non-agricultural sector is mostly urban and comprises of relatively more males.

The following table (taken from the NSS report on informal sector) details the distribution of workers:

Click here to view spreadsheet in separate tab. (To download the data click on the link and go to “File”> “Download as”)

If you are wondering what goes into making of the agricultural sector, then the short and less boring answer is that it comprises of activities such as growing crops, farming of animals, forestry, fishing and service activities related to these. Non-agriculture sector is everything that is not considered in the above definition. The technical answer is that NIC groups 011 [growing of crops; market gardening; horticulture] and 013 [growing of crops combined with farming of animals (mixed farming)] form the agricultural sector (also known as AGGC); NIC groups 012 [farming of animals], 014 [agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities], 015 [hunting, trapping and game propagation including related service activities], division 02 [forestry, logging and related service activities] and division 05 [fishing] form what is called the AGEGC sector ([ag]ricultural sector [e]xcluding only [g]rowing of [c]rops, market gardening, horticulture and growing of crops combined with farming of animals); and NIC division 10-99 form the non-agriculture sector. Note: I have clubbed AGGC and AGEGC when making the dual sector comparison. Also, note that the NIC classification referred above is the old one [link to NIC 2004]. I do so to maintain consistency with the NSS report [Link to report 539]. If you want to use a NIC classification please refer to the latest one here [Link to NIC 2008].

  • Any Job is
    better than No
    Job !

    As per NSSO ( National Sample Survey Organization ) ,

    Ø In 5 years ( 2004 – 2009 ), India’s total
    workforce ( people having jobs ), rose
    by mere 1.3 million ( from 457.8 million to 459.1 million )

    Now consider that during the same 5 year period ,

    Ø India’s
    population rose by 75 million

    Ø Of which , 60 million ( 600 lakhs ) entered
    job-market

    Ø Of which , 25 million were College Graduates (
    5 m in 2012 alone )

    So , if you are a graduate , what should you do get a
    job ?

    Ø Submit your resume on leading job portals and
    hope ( against your better judgment ) to have it “ discovered “ by some
    recruiter in the next 15 / 20 years ?

    OR

    Ø Freely download RESUME BLASTER
    APP from
    Google Play and blast your resume to ?

    ·
    100,000 + Companies / Employers / Agencies
    , in

    ·
    665 Cities / Towns of India ( including hundreds
    in your town ? )

    Don’t wait to be discovered – don’t wait for the
    hopeless

    Announce your existence to the Employers – NOW !

    Remember , any job is better than no job !

    With Regards

    hemen parekh

    Jobs for All
    = Peace on
    Earth